Waxing on a regular basis will not only make you go faster, it makes turning and handling smoother and more predictable and protects your bases from abrasion.
General: Hot Waxing is a way to get wax into your ski base by melting it into the base with heat. The heat will dilate the base and open pores in the plastic. Being in liquid state and upside down, the wax with the gravity will be able to fill those pores. Waxes of different densities will cause the plastic to create more or less water when gliding on snow. Over flow of water will created suction and lack of water will create dryness when gliding ; reason why it is important to chose the right wax density.
Step by step:
1: remove any burst of metal on the base edge that can scratch the iron.
2: Use a base cleaner to clean the plastic from impurity.
3: Warm up the base and apply a thin layer of wax over the base.
4: With a low temperature iron, massage the base to increase the wax penetration in the base.
5: Let the base cool down ; the longer it stays on, the stronger the wax will be embed in the pore of the base.
6: Remove all the wax with a plexi scraper ; the more you remove, the better the polishing process will be.
7: Polish and structure the wax with brushes ; horsehair is generally the best for a general good polishing of the base.
How to chose the right Wax?
Soft density Wax: It is known as Warm temperature gliding wax (warmer to 0°: ). It will be very efficient to reduce suction while gliding on wet snow. The snow being warmer, will contain more water and will require less friction to achieve this water flow for optimal gliding. Being a soft density wax, it will melt away very fast if used on medium or hard snowpack, which creates more friction.
Medium density Wax: It is known as Universal temperature gliding wax(0°to -10°). It is a very good option for unpredictable weather since it provides universal water flow. Also, natural fresh snow will generally be soft so Universal gliding wax is a perfect option to achieve the optimal water flow. It will stay in the plastic’s pores longer than the Warm temperature gliding wax, and be more efficient protection for your base.
Hard density Wax: It is known as Cold temperature gliding wax ( -10° to colder). Being hard, it will create more water under the base. It is very efficient in cold weather where the snow requires more friction to create optimal water flow. It is also very good in icy conditions. Since ice is very dense, it creates a lot of friction with the ski base, which can cause overheating. It is recommended for brand new equipment (unwaxed plastic)to use cold wax to provide a base layer that will protect the ski and help subsequent softer density wax layers to attach and hold to the base.
Caution: Cold hard snow and ice put more wear on the base than warmer snow, requiring more frequent waxing. Friction from gliding on an dry base (unwaxed or worn out wax layer) can create overheating that will cause abrasion or burning of the plastic base. Friction damage will reduce performance level, as well as wax absorption ability of the base.
Waxing your skis or snowboard is like riding powder – it’s impossible to do it too much